Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich
Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich, Auction 117

Greek, Roman and Gupta Empire gold coins

Tu, 01.10.2019, from 04:45 PM CEST
The auction is closed.

Description

Otho, January 15th – mid April 69. Aureus January 15th-March 8th 69, AV 7.34 g. IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P Bare head r. Rev. VICTORIA OTHONIS Victory, draped, alighting l., holding wreath and palm branch over l. shoulder. C 23. BMC 23. RIC 15. CBN 20 (these dies). Calicó 535.
Very rare. An attractive portrait of fine style and an interesting reverse composition,
Several minor edge marks, otherwise about extremely fine

Ex NAC sale 41, 2007, 56.
If Galba’s rise to power was a shocking novelty because he was the first emperor to be hailed by legions outside of Rome, the stakes were raised by his successor Otho, who was the first emperor to openly attain his office through the murder of his predecessor. Galba’s last moments were filled with terror, and, as Suetonius (Galba, 20) reports, his corpse was callously defiled: "Galba was murdered beside the Curian pool, and left lying just as he fell. A private soldier returning from the grain issue set down his load and decapitated Galba’s body. He could not carry the head by the hair – for there was none – but stuffed it in his cloak; and presently brought it to Otho with his thumb thrust into the mouth. Otho handed the trophy to a crowd of servants and camp-boys, who stuck it on a spear and carried it scornfully round the camp..." Such was the environment in which Otho took control – a disturbing state of affairs that seemed like it could not persist, yet would get worse for the next eleven months until soldiers loyal to Vespasian entered Rome on December 20, 69 and restored some semblance of order. Otho’s coinage is unique among his contemporaries, for he struck only at the mint in Rome, produced no imperial bronzes, nor any reverse types of direct historical value. The other emperors of the civil war – Galba, Vitellius and Vespasian – all had a variety of interesting reverse types, struck a full range of imperial bronzes, and produced many of their imperial coins at mints in the provinces. With this in mind we can see how this superb aureus distinguishes itself from the mass of Otho’s coinage: not only does it have an unusually sensitive and dignified portrait, but it employs his only interesting reverse type, with which he attempts to curry optimism among his soldiers despite the long odds they faced in the upcoming contest with Vitellius.

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Bidding

Price realized 50'000 CHF
Starting price 28'000 CHF
Estimate 35'000 CHF
The auction is closed.
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